Trauma refers to a critical or very serious bodily injury. Falls, burns,and motor vehicle accidents are the most common causes of life-threatening trauma that often affects multiple areas of the body. Critical injuries are also frequently the result of gunshot wounds and physical assaults.
Patients suffering from a traumatic injury typically require specialized medical care and resources. The right treatment in a timely manner is likely to reduce the chance of death or permanent disability to patients with a traumatic injury. Accredited hospital trauma centers are prepared to treat the most severe, life-threatening injuries.
Hospitals in the United States earn the status of serving as a trauma center by meeting the criteria set by the ACS, American College of Surgeons, and by passing the required site review. The designation as a hospital trauma center varies by individual state law provisions. Trauma centers are identified by levels, which reflect their specific treatment capabilities.For example, the highest level of care is Level-1, and the lowest is typically Level-3, although some states have five levels.